Felso ̋o ̋r (ung.) , , , Bosco (it.) J Gurin (dt.) Bosna ( bsn.) J Bosznia, Bosznia-Hercegovina (ung.) Bosna i Hercegovina (bsn.; krt . Távolság: Bad Neustadt an der Saale és Bosznia-Hercegovina. Keresse ki a cél- várost. ( db.) Szűrés városok kezdőbetűi szerint (Bosznia-Hercegovina). Flagge Horvátország, Szlovénia, Bosznia-Hercegovina. Horvátország, Szlovénia, Bosznia-Hercegovina. «All Contacts». I particularly hoped for visa facilitation to come before too long, as a practical demonstration of the freedom that Europe means for Bosnians, alongside the hard work it entails. I very much look forward to working together with the Presidency, the Council and Parliament to achieve the next important steps to bring the western Balkans closer to the European Union. Danke für die Möglichkeit, meinen Beitrag zu verschieben. The country needs a constitution that ensures full compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights; allows effective decision-making and efficient governance; and makes the government structure less costly for ordinary citizens and taxpayers. Before I outline some recent developments and our policy goals, let me apologise in advance if I have to leave the House before the end of the debate today. Ehegatten der in Absatz 1 genannten Personen, die eine andere Staatsangehörigkeit besitzen, vorausgesetzt, dass sie das Recht, in das Hoheitsgeb ie t Bosnien un d Herzegowinas e inz ureisen und sic h dort aufzu ha lten, besitzen oder er halten, es sei denn, sie verfügen über ein eigenständiges Aufenthaltsrecht in dem ersuchenden Mitgliedstaat. Deshalb wird diese Struktur, auch wenn man sie noch so mit Kantonen überbürokratisiert, so nicht funktionieren. Wir müssen froh sein, dass die liberalistische Diktatur von Lord Ashdown, die zum Beispiel die religiösen Persönlichkeiten an den Rand gedrängt hat, zu Ende ist, und dass wir mit einer sensibleren Gestaltung der Dinge durch Herrn Schwarz-Schilling zu rechnen haben. The more the country is able to demonstrate maturity and political ownership, the less the international community will need to intervene. The international community can act as facilitator; we can offer encouragement and support; but the Bosnian politicians must take the lead. However, meeting this target date will entail Bosnia and Herzegovina being able to respond to all the EU reform requirements.
Bosznia hercegovina -I would also like to thank you for this excellent debate, which shows the commitment of the European Parliament and the Presidency to our common policy in the western Balkans and its European perspective. Ich kann Baroness Ludford nur Recht geben. Über alle diese Anstrengungen und auch über den Beitrag der internationalen Staatengemeinschaft und der Europäischen Union können wir das Leitmotiv stellen: General-Karte von Bosnien, Serbien und der Herzogowina. Det etniska har blivit och är fortfarande viktigare än det medborgerliga.
Bosna je ostala neovisna do Turci su vladali Bosnom do Upravna podjela Bosne i Hercegovine. Bosna i Hercegovina se sastoji od dva entiteta i jednoga distrikta.
Politika Bosne i Hercegovine. Predsjedatelj zatim imenuje ministre. Zemljopis Bosne i Hercegovine. Nizine se nalaze na sjeveru i na jugozapadu.
Na sjeveru BiH zastupljeni su npr. Klima u BiH se razlikuje: Najslabije je naseljen brdsko-planinski prostor. U nizinskom prostoru naseljenost je slaba zbog povremenih poplava.
Po povijesnom i zemljopisnom kriteriju, u Bosni i Hercegovini se nalaze ove pokrajine:. Promet Bosne i Hercegovine.
Trenutno se gradi suvremena autocesta Koridor 5c. Gospodarstvo Bosne i Hercegovine. Poljoprivreda je uglavnom bila u privatnim rukama, ali posjedi su bili mali i neprofitabilni, a hrana se uvozila.
I danas se vide posljedice centralnog planiranja gospodarstva, a glavna je nevolja prevelik broj radnika u industriji.
Za vrijeme socijalizma, u BiH je forsirana vojna industrija, pa je republika imala velik dio jugoslavenskih vojnih postrojenja.
Nakon mira, proizvodnja se malo oporavila BDP je i dalje duboko ispod razine Mnogo se eksploatira ugljen. National Geographic magazine named Bosnia and Herzegovina as the best mountain biking adventure destination for Whitewater rafting is somewhat of a national pastime , with three rivers, including the deepest river canyon in Europe, the Tara River Canyon.
Most recently, the Huffington Post named Bosnia and Herzegovina the "9th Greatest Adventure in the World for ", adding that the country boasts "the cleanest water and air in Europe; the greatest untouched forests; and the most wildlife.
The best way to experience is the three rivers trip, which purls through the best the Balkans have to offer.
Higher education has a long and rich tradition in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The first bespoke higher-education institution was a school of Sufi philosophy established by Gazi Husrev-beg in Numerous other religious schools then followed.
In , under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a Sharia law school began a five-year program. In the s post-bachelaurate graduate degrees became available.
There are various other institutions of higher education, including: Also, Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to several private and international higher education institutions, some of which are:.
Primary schooling lasts for nine years. Secondary education is provided by general and technical secondary schools typically Gymnasiums where studies typically last for four years.
All forms of secondary schooling include an element of vocational training. Pupils graduating from general secondary schools obtain the Matura and can enroll in any tertiary educational institution or academy by passing a qualification examination prescribed by the governing body or institution.
Students graduating technical subjects obtain a Diploma. The architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely influenced by four major periods where political and social changes influenced the creation of distinct cultural and architectural habits of the population.
Each period made its influence felt and contributed to a greater diversity of cultures and architectural language in this region. Some television, magazines, and newspapers in Bosnia and Herzegovina are state-owned, and some are for-profit corporations funded by advertising , subscription , and other sales-related revenues.
The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina guarantees freedom of speech. As a country in transition with a post-war legacy and a complex domestic political structure Bosnia and Herzegovina's media system is under transformation.
In the early post-war period — , media development was guided mainly by international donors and cooperation agencies, who invested to help reconstruct, diversify, democratize and professionalize media outlets.
Post-war developments included the establishment of an independent Communication Regulatory Agency, the adoption of a Press Code, the establishment of the Press Council, the decriminalization of label and defamation, the introduction of a rather advanced Freedom of Access to Information Law, and the creation of a Public Service Broadcasting System from the formerly state-owned broadcaster.
Yet, internationally backed positive developments have been often obstructed by domestic elites, and the professionalisation of media and journalists has proceeded only slowly.
High levels of partisanship and linkages between the media and the political systems hinder the adherence to professional code of conducts. Magazines such as Novi Plamen or Sarajevske sveske are some of the more prominent publications covering cultural and literary themes.
However, only with the arrival of Austro-Hungarians did the painting renaissance in Bosnia really begin to flourish. The first educated artists from European academies appeared with the beginning of the 20th century.
In , Ars Aevi , a museum of contemporary art that includes works by renowned world artists was founded in Sarajevo. Typical Bosnian and Herzegovinian songs are ganga, rera , and the traditional Slavic music for the folk dances such as kolo and from Ottoman era the most popular is sevdalinka.
The gusle is used mainly to recite epic poems in a usually dramatic tone. Probably the most distinctive and identifiably "Bosnian" of music, Sevdalinka is a kind of emotional, melancholic folk song that often describes sad subjects such as love and loss, the death of a dear person or heartbreak.
Sevdalinkas were traditionally performed with a saz , a Turkish string instrument, which was later replaced by the accordion.
However the more modern arrangement, to the derision of some purists, is typically a vocalist accompanied by the accordion along with snare drums, upright bass, guitars, clarinets and violins.
The gusle , an instrument found throughout the Balkans , is also used to accompany ancient Slavic epic poems.
There are also Bosnian folk songs in the Ladino language, derived from the area's Jewish population. These bands first appeared around World War I and became popular in the s.
This is the third oldest music following after the sevdalinka and ilahija. Self-taught people, mostly in two or three members of the different choices of old instruments, mostly in the violin, sacking, saz , drums, flutes zurle or wooden flute, as others have already called, the original performers of Bosnian music that can not be written notes, transmitted by ear from generation to generation, family is usually hereditary.
It is thought to be brought from Persia-Kalesi tribe that settled in the area of present Sprecanski valleys and hence probably the name Kalesija.
In this part of Bosnia it is the most common. Again, it became the leader of First World War onwards, as well as 60 years in the field Sprecanski doline.
This kind of music was enjoyed by all three peoples in Bosnia, Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs, and it contributed a lot to reconcile people socializing, entertainment and other organizations through festivala.
In Kalesija it's maintained each year with the Bosnian Festival Original music. Songs are performed preferably in a diphthong , the first and second voice which is a special secret performance of this music and some performers sing in troglasju as they do Kalesijski triple that was recorded in , as the first written record of the tone on the album, along with Higurashi no naku.
Sarajevo is internationally renowned for its eclectic and diverse selection of festivals. Bosnia has a rich cinematic and film heritage, dating back to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia ; many Bosnian filmmakers have achieved international prominence and some have won international awards ranging from the Academy Awards to multiple Palme d'Ors and Golden Bears.
Bosnian cuisine uses many spices, in moderate quantities. Most dishes are light, as they are cooked in lots of water; the sauces are fully natural, consisting of little more than the natural juices of the vegetables in the dish.
Typical ingredients include tomatoes, potatoes, onions, garlic , peppers , cucumbers , carrots, cabbage , mushrooms , spinach , zucchini , dried beans , fresh beans, plums , milk, paprika and cream called Pavlaka.
Bosnian cuisine is balanced between Western and Eastern influences. As a result of the Ottoman administration for almost years, Bosnian food is closely related to Turkish , Greek , and other former Ottoman and Mediterranean cuisines.
However, because of years of Austrian rule, there are many influences from Central Europe. Typical meat dishes include primarily beef and lamb.
Herzegovinian loza similar to Italian Grappa but less sweet is very popular. In the south, distilleries used to produce vast quantities of brandy and supply all of ex-Yugoslav alcohol factories brandy is the base of most alcoholic drinks.
Coffee drinking is a favorite Bosnian pastime and part of the culture. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the ninth country in the entire world by per capita coffee consumption.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has produced many athletes, both as a state in Yugoslavia and independently after The most important international sporting event in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina was the 14th Winter Olympics , held in Sarajevo from 7 to 19 February The Bosna basketball club from Sarajevo were European Champions in Association football is the most popular sport in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It dates from , but its popularity grew significantly after World War I. Sergej Barbarez , who played for several clubs in the German Bundesliga including Borussia Dortmund , Hamburger SV and Bayer Leverkusen was joint-top scorer in the —01 Bundesliga season with 22 goals.
Bosnia and Herzegovina was the world champion of volleyball at the Summer Paralympics and volleyball at the Summer Paralympics.
Many among those on the team lost their legs in the Bosnian War. The Bosnian wartime militia Schutzkorps , which became known for its persecution of Serbs, was overwhelmingly Muslim.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the regions of the sovereign state, see Bosnia region and Herzegovina.
For other uses, see Bosnia disambiguation and BiH disambiguation. Not a government member; the High Representative is an international civilian overseer of the Dayton peace agreement with authority to dismiss elected and non-elected officials and enact legislation.
Early history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Middle Ages. Ottoman conquest of Bosnia and Ottoman Bosnia. History of Bosnia and Herzegovina — Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Topographic map of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Bosnia and Herzegovina's government building in Sarajevo. The Presidency Building in central Sarajevo.
This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.
Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. Foreign relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union.
Ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Religion in Bosnia and Herzegovina religion percent Islam.
Largest municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina census final results . Economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina. List of companies of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Transport in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Telecommunications in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sites of interest in Sarajevo.
Mostar 's Stari Most. Buna river, near the town of Blagaj , resurging as one of the biggest karst springs in Europe.
Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Media of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Literature of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Art of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Music of Bosnia and Herzegovina. List of Bosnia and Herzegovina patriotic songs.
List of Bosnia-Herzegovina films. Bosnia and Herzegovina cuisine. Bosnia and Herzegovina portal. Retrieved 6 March Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 29 October Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 12 February Sarajevo Film Festival Official Website. Archived from the original on 4 November Retrieved 16 September Archived from the original on 18 April Retrieved 6 April De Administrando Imperio Moravcsik, Gyula ed.
Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. Essays on the Latin Orient. Illyrian Bosnia and Herzegovina-an overview of a cultural legacy. Donia and John VA Fine The Balkans from Constantinople to Communism , pp.
The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe. Religion and the war in Bosnia. Myths and boundaries in south-eastern Europe.
London Review of Books; Vol. Archived from the original on 16 January A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. The Bosnian Manuscript Ingathering Project.
Multinational Federalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Elitetruppe in der k. The National Question in Yugoslavia: Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 14 June Propaganda and the Deceit of History.
State-Building and Legitimation, — War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, — Genocide and Resistance in Hitler's Bosnia: The Partisans and the Chetniks — Croatian Institute of History: Yugoslavia manipulations with the number Second World War victims.
Archived from the original PDF on 1 July Archived from the original on 2 August Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 1 January Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 28 December Admission to the United Nations: Charter Article 4 and the Rise of Universal Organization.
Archived from the original on 19 June The attack against the civilian population and related requirements".
Archived from the original on 19 February Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 13 January Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original PDF on 9 January Archived from the original on 12 February Archived from the original on 3 December United Nations High Commission for Refugees.
Retrieved 24 June Conflict between Bosnia and Croatia". Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 7 February Archived from the original on 31 October The A to Z of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Archived from the original PDF on 14 October Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 26 March Unity and Diversity" PDF.
Archived from the original PDF on 26 January Retrieved 7 April Policies and Practices of Language Contacts in Conflict.
Language and Identity in the Balkans: Serbo-Croatian and its Disintegration. Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on 25 September Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 5 May Inequality in income or expenditure" PDF.
Human Development Report United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original PDF on 6 December Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 1 October Southeast European Media Journal.
Retrieved 22 April Archived from the original on 21 November Sarajevo 43th [ sic ] Best City in the World". Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 30 March Retrieved 11 January Archived from the original on 4 December Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 27 July Saint Kitts and Nevis to Zimbabwe.
Retrieved 9 August Who grows, drinks and pays the most? Archived from the original on 1 October Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. The Early Medieval Balkans: University of Michigan Press.
The Late Medieval Balkans: The Handbook of Language and Globalization. Bosnia and Herzegovina Philadelphia: Robin Okey, Taming Balkan Nationalism: Oxford University Press, Tomasevich, Jozo War and Revolution in Yugoslavia: The Origins of the War of European relations from the Congress of Berlin to the eve of the Sarajevo murder.
Find more about Bosnia and Herzegovina at Wikipedia's sister projects. Bosnia and Herzegovina topics. Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Republika Srpska. Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Districts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Municipalities and cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Articles related to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe.
States with limited recognition. Faroe Islands 1 autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark. Svalbard unincorporated area subject to the Svalbard Treaty.
Countries and territories of the Mediterranean Sea. Czechoslovakia — Saar assoc. Enlargement and partners of the European Union. Current membership Criteria Withdrawal.